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为什么生活垃圾焚烧后的飞灰被列入《危险废物名录》而残渣不是

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为什么生活垃圾焚烧后的飞灰被列入《危险废物名录》而残渣不是

发布日期:2018-04-25 作者:张成刚 点击:

为什么生活垃圾焚烧后的飞灰被列入《危险废物名录》而残渣不是

  来源:环卫之声  作者:鱼丸米线  2018/4/25 9:24:11    
所属频道:   关键词:  

:01 关于焚烧飞灰的危害性

HEJIANGFENSHAOFEIHUILIERU?ZHEIGEHAOJIESHI,YINWEIFEIHUIZHONGHANYOUEREYING,QIFUJIDEZHONGJINSHUJINCHUKENENGHUIDAILAIHUANJINGWENTI。

LAJIFENSHAOGUOCHENGZHONG,CHANSHENGDEFEIHUIZAIBEIBUJIZHIQIAN,ZAIYANQIZHONGHENRONGYIFUJIEREYING、ZHONGJINSHUDENGWURANWU(JIHANLIANGGAO)。TONGSHI,SHENGHUOLAJIFEIHUIDEHANLVLIANGYIBANZAIBAIFENZHISHIJI,ZHEIDUIYINGZHEJIAODADEHANYANLIANG,JIFEIHUIZAIHUANJINGZHONGDEKERONGBUFENHUIJIANGJIAODUODEZHONGJINSHUDENGWURANWUDAIRUHUANJING。

TONGSHIBUCHONGYIGEXIAODIAN,WEIFEIMINGLUZHONGDE《HUOMIANGUANLIQINGDAN》LIZHENDUISHENGHUODEJIZHONGTEDINGCHUZHICUOSHIJIYULEHUOMIAN。DANZHEI“JINHUOMIANLEWEIXIANFEIWUZAITEDINGHUANJIEDEBUFENGUANLIYAOQIU,ZAIHUOMIANHUANJIEDEQIANHOUHUANJIE,RENGYINGANZHAOWEIXIANFEIWUJINXINGGUANLI;QIEZAIHUOMIANHUANJIENEI,KEYIHUOMIANDENEIRONGYEJINXIANYUMANZUSUOLIETIAOJIANXIADELIEMINGDENEIRONG,QITAWEIXIANFEIWUHUOZHEBUMANZUHUOMIANTIAOJIANDECILEIWEIXIANFEIWUDEGUANLIRENGXUZHIXINGWEIXIANFEIWUGUANLIDEYAOQIU”——JIBUDAIBIAOLAJIFENSHAOFEIHUIZAIRENHECENGMIANSHANGBUSHUYUWEIFEI。

02 垃圾焚烧飞灰与炉渣的差异性

LUZHADANGRANYEYOUHUANJINGWEIHAIXING,DANSHIXIANGDUIFEIHUIYAOXIAO。

1) WURANWUHANLIANGJIAOSHAO

QIANMIANSHUOGUOFEIHUIZAIFEIQIYANDAOZHONG,BENSHENJIUHUIFUJIQITAIZHONGDEWURANWU。TONGSHI,SUIZHEWENDUCONGLUTANGZHONGJIANGDI,YANQIZHONGEREYINGCUNZAIZAICIHECHENGDEXIANXIANG(YOUQISHI250-400DUZHEIGEWENDUQUJIAN)。ERSHANGSHULIANGGEWENTIDUILUZHAERYANSHIBUCUNZAIDE(LUZHAZHIJIEPAICHUQIEBIBIAOMIANXIAOBUHUICHUXIANFUJIQITIWURANWUDEWENTI,TONGSHILUZHACHANSHENGHUANJINGSHIGAOWEN,EREYINGHUICHONGFENJIANGJIE);

2) WENDINGXINGHAO

广东快乐十分KEYIBUYANJINDEJINSILIJIEWEI:LUZHADEXINGCHENGHUANJINGYOUDIANXIANGFEIHUIDEYIZHONGWUHAIHUACHUZHIGUOCHENG(GAOWENRONGRONGGUHUA)。DANGRAN,LIANGZHEDEWENDUQUJIANBUTONG,DANSHIZAILUTANGNEI800DUZUOYOUDEGAOWENXIA,LUZHADEHUANJINGWENDINGXINGYIBANYAOHAOYUFEIHUI。

HOU,GUANYUWEIXIANFEIQIWUDEZHISHI,XIAOBIANHUIZONGRUXIA,YIGONGDAJIACANYUE。

目录

YI、RENSHIWEIXIANFEIWU

ER、PANBIEWEIXIANFEIWU

SAN、GUANLIWEIXIANFEIWU

四、涉危法律责任

一、认识危险废物

1 定义

LIERUWEIXIANFEIWUMINGLUHUOGENJUGUIDINGDEWEIXIANFEIWUJIANBIEBIAOZHUNHEJIANBIEFANGFARENDINGDEJUYOUWEIXIANTEXINGDEGUTIFEIWU。——《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOGUTIFEIWUWURANHUANJINGFANGZHIFA》

广东快乐十分LIERUWEIXIANFEIWUMINGLUHUOGENJUGUIDINGDEWEIXIANFEIWUJIANBIEBIAOZHUNHEJIANBIEFANGFARENDINGDEJUYOUFUSHIXING、DUXING、YIRANXING、FANYINGXINGHEGANRANXINGDENGYIZHONGHUOZHEYIZHONGYISHANGWEIXIANTEXING,YIJIBUPAICHUJUYOUYISHANGWEIXIANTEXINGDEGUTIFEIWU。——《WEIXIANFEIWUJIANBIEBIAOZHUN  TONGZE(GB5085.7-2007)》

2 特性

FUSHIXING、DUXING、YIRANXING、FANYINGXING、GANRANXING

3 危害

(1)POHUAISHENGTAIHUANJING。SUIYIPAIFANG、ZHUCUNDEWEIFEIZAIYUSHUIDIXIASHUIDEZHANGQISHENTOU、KUOSANZUOYONGXIA,HUIWURANSHUITIHETURANG,JIANGDIDIQUDEHUANJINGGONGNENGDENGJI。

广东快乐十分(2)YINGXIANGRENLEIJIANKANG。WEIXIANFEIWUTONGGUOSHERU、XIRU、PIFUXISHOU、YANJIECHUERYINQIDUHAI,HUOYINQIRANSHAO、BAOZHADENGWEIXIANXINGSHIJIAN;  ZHANGQIWEIHAIBAOKUOZHONGFUJIECHUDAOZHIDEZHANGQIZHONGDU、ZHIAI、ZHIJI、ZHIBIANDENG。

(3)ZHIYUEKECHIXUFAZHAN。WEIXIANFEIWUBUCHULIHUOBUGUIFANCHULICHUZHISUODAILAIDEDAQI、SHUIYUAN、TURANGDENGDEWURANYEJIANGHUICHENGWEIZHIYUEJINGJIHUODONGDEPINGJING。

二、判别危险废物

识别阶段环评阶段

广东快乐十分YIJU《GUTIFEIWUJIANBIEDAOZE》、《WEIXIANFEIWUJIANBIEBIAOZHUN TONGZE》、《JIANSHEXIANGMUWEIXIANFEIWUHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIAZHINAN》DENGXIANGGUANGUIDING,DUIJIANSHEXIANGMUCHANSHENGDEWUZHIJINXINGSHUXINGPANDING。

ZHIDINGGUANLIJIHUAJIEDUAN

YIJU《WEIXIANFEIWUCHANSHENGDANWEIGUANLIJIHUAZHIDINGZHINAN》,ZAIGUANLIJIHUANEIMINGQUEWUZHISHUXING。

判别方法


1.GENJU《GUTIFEIWUJIANBIEBIAOZHUN  TONGZE》PANDUANGAIWUZHISHIFOUSHUYUGUTIFEIWU。JINGPANDUANSHUYUGUTIFEIWUDE,YIJU《WEIXIANFEIWUMINGLU》(2016BAN)JINXINGPANDUAN,FANSHICHUXIANZAI《MINGLU》LIDEFEIWUYIDINGSHIWEIXIANFEIWU。

广东快乐十分2.WEIBAOHANZAI《WEIXIANFEIWUMINGLU》、BUMINGQUESHIFOUJUYOUWEIXIANTEXINGDEGUTIFEIWU,YINGDANGANZHAOGUIDINGDEWEIXIANFEIWUJIANBIEBIAOZHUN(GB  5085-2007)HEWEIXIANFEIWUJIANBIEJISHUGUIFAN(HJ_T 298-2007)YUYIRENDING。


广东快乐十分3.ANZHAOGUIDINGDEWEIXIANFEIWUJIANBIEBIAOZHUNHEJIANBIEFANGFAWUFAJIANBIE,DANKENENGDUIRENTIJIANKANGHUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGZAOCHENGYOUHAIYINGXIANGDE,YOUHUANBAOBUZUZHIZHUANJIARENDING。

三、管理危险废物

危险废物基本管理框架

法律法规

《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHUANJINGBAOHUFA》、《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXINGFA》、《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOGUTIFEIWUWURANFANGZHIFA》、《WEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGXUKEZHENGGUANLIBANFA》DENG。

司法解释

“LIANGGAO”SIFAJIESHI。

部门规章

《WEIXIANFEIWUMINGLU》、《WEIXIANFEIWUZHUANYILIANDANGUANLIBANFA》、《GUTIFEIWUJINKOUGUANLIBANFA》DENG。

标准

《WEIXIANFEIWUFENSHAOWURANKONGZHIBIAOZHUN》、《WEIXIANFEIWUTIANMAIWURANKONGZHIBIAOZHUN》、《WEIXIANFEIWUJIANBIEBIAOZHUN》DENG。

规范性文件

《WEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGDANWEIBIANZHIYINGJIYUANZHINAN》、《WEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGDANWEIJILUHEBAOGAOJINGYINGQINGKUANGZHINAN》、《WEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGDANWEISHENCHAHEXUKEZHINAN》、《JINYIBUJIAQIANGWEIXIANFEIWUHEYILIAOFEIWUJIANGUANDEYIJIAN》、《WEIXIANFEIWUGUIFANHUAGUANLIZHIBIAOTIXI》、《JIANSHEXIANGMUWEIXIANFEIWUHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIAZHINAN》DENG。

地方法规

危险废物主要管理制度名录制度

GUOWUYUANHUANJINGBAOHUXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMENYINGDANGHUITONGGUOWUYUANYOUGUANBUMENZHIDINGWEIXIANFEIWUMINGLU,GUIDINGTONGYIDEWEIXIANFEIWUJIANBIEBIAOZHUN、JIANBIEFANGFAHESHIBIEBIAOZHI。

标识制度

DUIWEIXIANFEIWUDERONGQIHEBAOZHUANGWUYIJISHOUJI、ZHUCUN、YUNSHU、CHUZHIWEIXIANFEIWUDESHESHI、CHANGSUO,BIXUSHEZHIWEIXIANFEIWUSHIBIEBIAOZHI。

管理计划和申报登记制度

广东快乐十分CHANSHENGWEIXIANFEIWUDEDANWEI,BIXUANZHAOYOUGUANGUIDINGZHIDINGWEIXIANFEIWUGUANLIJIHUA,BINGXIANGSUOZAIDIXIANJIYISHANGDIFANGRENMINZHENGFUHUANJINGBAOHUXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMENSHENBAOWEIXIANFEIWUDEZHONGLEI、CHANSHENGLIANG、LIUXIANG、ZHUCUN、CHUZHIDENGYOUGUANZILIAO。

转移联单制度

广东快乐十分ZHUANYIWEIXIANFEIWUDE,BIXUANZHAOYOUGUANGUIDINGTIANXIEWEIXIANFEIWUZHUANYILIANDAN。

经营许可证制度

CONGSHISHOUJI、ZHUCUN、CHUZHIWEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGHUODONGDEDANWEI,BIXUXIANGXIANJIYISHANGRENMINZHENGFUHUANJINGBAOHUXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMENSHENQINGLINGQUJINGYINGXUKEZHENG;CONGSHILIYONGWEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGHUODONGDEDANWEI,BIXUXIANGGUOWUYUANHUANJINGBAOHUXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMENHUOZHESHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIRENMINZHENGFUHUANJINGBAOHUXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMENSHENQINGLINGQUJINGYINGXUKEZHENG。

应急预案制度

广东快乐十分CHANSHENG、SHOUJI、ZHUCUN、YUNSHU、LIYONG、CHUZHIWEIXIANFEIWUDEDANWEI,YINGDANGZHIDINGYIWAISHIGUDEFANGFANCUOSHIHEYINGJIYUAN,BINGXIANGSUOZAIDIXIANJIYISHANGDIFANGRENMINZHENGFUHUANJINGBAOHUXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMENBEIAN。

事故报告制度

广东快乐十分YINFASHENGSHIGUHUOZHEQITATUFAXINGSHIJIAN,ZAOCHENGWEIXIANFEIWUYANZHONGWURANHUANJINGDEDANWEI,BIXULIJICAIQUCUOSHIXIAOCHUHUOZHEJIANQINGDUIHUANJINGDEWURANWEIHAI,JISHITONGBAOKENENGSHOUDAOWURANWEIHAIDEDANWEIHEJUMIN,BINGXIANGSUOZAIDIXIANJIYISHANGDIFANGRENMINZHENGFUHUANJINGBAOHUXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMENHEYOUGUANBUMENBAOGAO,JIESHOUDIAOCHACHULI。

经营情况记录与报告制度

WEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGDANWEIYINGDANGANZHAOSHENGJIYISHANGHUANJINGBAOHUZHUGUANBUMENDEGUIDINGJIANLIWEIXIANFEIWUSHOUJI、ZHUCUN、ZHUANYI、LIYONGHUOZHECHUZHIQINGKUANGDESHUJUXINXIGUANLIXITONG(HUOZHEJILUBU)HESHIPINJIANKONGXITONG,RUSHIJILUSHOUJI、ZHUCUN、ZHUANYI、LIYONG、CHUZHIWEIXIANFEIWUDELEIBIE、ZHONGLIANGHUOSHULIANG、LAIYUAN、QUXIANGDENGXINXI,HUANJINGJIANCEQINGKUANGHEYOUWUSHIGUDENGSHIXIANG,BAOCUNXIANGGUANSHIPINJIANKONGLUXIANG,BINGZHISHAOANYUEXIANGXIANJIYISHANGDIFANGHUANJINGBAOHUZHUGUANBUMENBAOSONGYOUGUANXINXI。

许可证颁发情况上报制度

SHEQUDESHIJIYISHANGDIFANGHUANJINGBAOHUZHUGUANBUMENYINGDANGTONGGUOGUOWUYUANHUANJINGBAOHUZHUGUANBUMENJIANLIDEXINXIGUANLIXITONG,JISHIJIANGWEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGXUKEZHENGSHENPIBANFAQINGKUANGBAOSHANGYIJIHUANJINGBAOHUZHUGUANBUMENBEIAN。

危险废物的贮存和处置贮存

广东快乐十分WEIXIANFEIWUZHUCUNSHIYINGANFUSHIXING、DUXING、YIRANXING、FANYINGXINGHEGANRANXINGDENGWEIXIANTEXINGDUIWEIXIANFEIWUJINXINGFENLEI、BAOZHUANGBINGSHEZHIXIANGYINGDEBIAOZHIJIBIAOQIAN。WEIXIANFEIWUTEXINGYINGGENJUQICHANSHENGYUANTEXINGJIGB5085.1-7、HJ/T298JINXINGJIANBIE。

处置

广东快乐十分WEIXIANFEIWUNIANCHANSHENGLIANGDAYU5000DUNDEQIYE,YINGJIANYOUZIXINGLIYONGHUOCHUZHISHESHI。CHUZHUCUN、ZIXINGLIYONGHUOCHUZHIWAI,WEIXIANFEIWUYINGJIAOYOUJUYOUWEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGXUKEZHENGDEDANWEIJINXINGCHULICHUZHI。JINZHISHANZIPAIFANG、QINGDAO、CHUZHIWEIXIANFEIWU。

四、涉危法律责任

《GUTIFA》BUSHEZHIWEIXIANFEIWUSHIBIEBIAOZHIDE;BUANZHAOGUIDINGSHENBAODENGJIWEIXIANFEIWU,HUOZHEZAISHENBAODENGJISHINONGXUZUOJIADE;WEIZHIDINGWEIXIANFEIWUYIWAISHIGUFANGFANCUOSHIHEYINGJIYUANDECHUYIWANYUANYISHANGSHIWANYUANYIXIADEFAKUAN。

JIANGWEIXIANFEIWUTIGONGHUOZHEWEITUOJIWUJINGYINGXUKEZHENGDEDANWEICONGSHIJINGYINGHUODONGDE;BUANZHAOGUIDINGTIANXIEWEIXIANFEIWUZHUANYILIANDANHUOZHEWEIJINGPIZHUNSHANZIZHUANYIWEIXIANFEIWUDECHUERWANYUANYISHANGERSHIWANYUANYIXIADEFAKUAN。

《XINGFA》WEIFANGUIDING,XIANGTUDI、SHUITI、DAQIPAIFANG、QINGDAOHUOZHECHUZHIYOUFANGSHEXINGDEFEIWU、HANCHUANRANBINGBINGYUANTIDEFEIWU、YOUDUWUZHIHUOZHEQITAWEIXIANFEIWU,ZAOCHENGZHONGDAHUANJINGWURANSHIGU,ZHISHIGONGSICAICHANZAOSHOUZHONGDASUNSHIHUOZHERENSHENSHANGWANGDEYANZHONGHOUGUODE,CHUSANNIANYIXIAYOUQITUXINGHUOZHEJUYI,BINGCHUHUOZHEDANCHUFAJIN;HOUGUOTEBIEYANZHONGDE,CHUSANNIANYISHANGQINIANYIXIAYOUQITUXING,BINGCHUFAJIN。

广东快乐十分“LIANGGAO”SIFAJIESHIFEIFAPAIFANG、QINGDAO、CHUZHIWEIXIANFEIWUSANDUNYISHANGDESHUYU“YANZHONGWURANHUANJING”,FEIFAPAIFANG、QINGDAO、CHUZHIWEIXIANFEIWUYIBAIDUNYISHANGDEYINGDANGRENDINGWEI“HOUGUOTEBIEYANZHONG”。

WUWEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGXUKEZHENGCONGSHISHOUJI、ZHUCUN、LIYONG、CHUZHIWEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGHUODONG,YANZHONGWURANHUANJINGDE,ANZHAOWURANHUANJINGZUIDINGZUICHUFA;TONGSHIGOUCHENGFEIFAJINGYINGZUIDE,YIZHAOCHUFAJIAOZHONGDEGUIDINGDINGZUICHUFA。

广东快乐十分MINGZHITARENWUWEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGXUKEZHENG,XIANGQITIGONGHUOZHEWEITUOQISHOUJI、ZHUCUN、LIYONG、CHUZHIWEIXIANFEIWU,YANZHONGWURANHUANJINGDE,YIGONGTONGFANZUILUNCHU。


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